Charvaka -The Indian Thought Process. A portion of my published paper. It was presented in BHU in January, It is not the final division or permanent division.

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Charvaka -The Indian Thought Process. A portion of my published paper. It was presented in BHU in January, It is not the final division or permanent division. There are few schools which are either not taught in detail or they were only meant for a particular period. With this few schools are totally lost.

Some of them are mentioned in the scriptures. The Buddhism and Jainism were converted into separate religion. The former got royal patronage and the society followed the ruler. Slowly — slowly Jainism also flourished as a separate religion. Their scholars and monks claim that they are totally different from Hinduism.

The current discussion is not related with this. After all, everyone wants permanent relief from stress and strain. If they get permanent relief and freedom from the cycle of birth, other views are not important. There is no need to quarrel on name and form. A period came when the society saw the uprising of Mimansa School. It was a lengthy period in our history. Though it got a slight break in the period of Buddhism, afterwards it again showed its influence.

They loved the ritualistic part which was prepared or manipulated by demons. They were pampered and sponsored by the royal class. From another stand point, it seems, every school started working for popularity preyas.

Among the schools mentioned, Charvaka, Buddhism and Jainism are termed as atheist. The so called followers of theism keep safe distance from above three schools. Out of these, the Charvaka was termed as totally untouchable. Even other atheist schools do not like this one. According to some scholars, it rejects authority of Veda. According to them, the Veda establishes next world. So, anyone who discards next world is rejecting Veda.

For them it is not a proof. According to pseudo scholars, the atheists are godless people. How can anyone survive without god? On one hand the preachers, promote the idea of everything being made and maintained by God.

In end, everything goes in him, therefore, nothing can exist without his knowledge. The human beings do not have any right to decide this matter. They do not have the required authority. The matter related with next world is an imagination of few cults. The purpose of Veda is not dependent on that. Are the atheist schools really useless? When the sutra of every school is supported by the Vedic literature, there has to be some ulterior motive in underestimating them.

We might not be familiar or do not want to extract the essence from them. They reflected the thought process. While thinking, a person stays at any one of them. The mentality of attachment, took it as a sutra of personal ideology.

Slowly- Slowly it developed in a separate school. The concept of having sutras of various natures in the literature is easy to understand. The scriptures follow the policies of caring attitude. They behave like a caring mother, who knows the requirement of every child. With this, if there is a liking towards health, yoga will be helpful.

A person totally attached towards rituals and fruits of action, the Mimansa School will be the first choice. This school got too much importance during the rule of different kings. The lust was pampered and promoted in different forms. The scholars of this and the school of yoga got royal patronage easily. Instead of going into surgical operation, it can be easily said, all of them helped in or the other way.

On the basis of, the above technique, the process of analytical thinking started. The storm of thoughts brought shower of questions. It turned in a river of analyses. Everyone is attracted towards this or that ford ghat. The river flows through them and enters in an ocean of solution. Every ford gives temporary relief. We do stay there, for some time.

The absence of permanent relief asks for further journey. The analytical process starts again. It goes on till permanent relief is obtained. This is the story of Indian philosophy. The fords denote different schools.

One of the unique features of the Indian philosophical trend is; they exist inside and outside. All of them are right in their own place. On the ground of behavioral reality their importance cannot be neglected.

The day to day behavior, of an individual, reflects different levels of actions. They are the results of pre-occupied thoughts, arising and capturing the mind immediately after being a part of the scene. The thinking style of every individual is different. The reaction towards the same thing differs.

After thinking deeply, an individual may not react in the same way, as it did before. A common example, given by the lovers of division is, about few blind people, touching the different parts of an elephant. After that, each person comments on its shape. Among them one person touched the leg and for him the animal was like a pillar.

A person touched his tail and said, it was like a rope. Another one touched the trunk and said, it was like a snake. One touched the portion of the body which was above the leg. For him, the animal was like a wall. In this example one must assume that everyone had the concept idea of those things which were compared with the parts.

Without this, the example will be wrong. On the other hand, this example is suitable only for fanatic people. They keep their inner eye closed and are extrovert. This example is suitable for the cults and not for the philosophical schools.

For the purpose of discussion, the word school is used. You can also use it for educational purpose. The only risk is, in educational system they are taught as the competitor of one another.

The educational system is only interested in making you blind. The above example is also suitable, for the syllabus of philosophy. The cults and the current syllabus are trying their best, to confuse the mass. They are achieving their goal by broadening and maintaining the division, in the intellect. They are not ashamed to play, with the faith of an individual. The values present in the Charvaka philosophy, help in maintaining cordial relation and decorum, with the self and the society.

In between there are family, relatives, friends, strangers, flora and fauna. A behavioral pattern emerges from them. Gradually, they become a symbol of identification. According to maturity and grasping power, everyone gets a set of values. The journey of thinking or analyzing starts with the body level.


Barhaspati Sutras

In accordance with the dictates of policy and enjoyment, the mass of men consider wealth and satisfaction of desire the only ends of man. They deny the existence of any object belonging to a future world, and follow only the doctrine of Carvaka. Hence another name for that school is Lokayata—a name well accordant with the thing signified [that only the material world, loka, exists]. Nor may you say that such cannot be called the end of man as they are always mixed with some kind of pain, because it is our wisdom to enjoy the pure pleasure as far as we can, and to avoid the pain which inevitably accompanies it.


Indian philosophy

You are on page 1of 16 Search inside document Charvaka Philosophy The Charvaka Philosophy believes that only those things that can be perceived is the ultimate reality. Charvaka Philosophy is a fanatical effort made to rid the age of the weight of the past that was oppressing it. It is a system of Indian philosophy that adopted numerous forms of philosophical agnosticism and religious impassivity. The branch is also known as Lokayata philosophy, as is stated in the Rig Veda. Named after its founder, Carvaka, also known as Charu or Brhaspati author of the Barhaspatya-sutras, the Charvaka Philosophy is an atheistic, acquisitive and wild thought.


Charvaka Philosophy

Secondary Sources 1. History Traces of materialism appear in the earliest recordings of Indian thought. During the 6th and 7th centuries C. Historians have estimated that the Vedas were written and compiled between the years B. The Vedas exemplify the speculative attitude of the ancient Indians, who had the extreme luxury of reflecting on the whence and whither of their existence. The ancient Indians, also called Aryans, flourished due to the bounty of food and resources provided by the land.


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Common themes[ edit ] Indian philosophical traditions Earliest Hindu philosophy were arranged and codified by Hindu Vedic sages, such as Yajnavalkya c. Indian philosophies share many concepts such as dharma , karma , samsara , reincarnation , dukkha , renunciation , meditation , with almost all of them focussing on the ultimate goal of liberation of the individual through diverse range of spiritual practices moksha , nirvana. Their ancient doctrines span the diverse range of philosophies found in other ancient cultures. These systems, accept the authority of Vedas and are regarded as orthodox astika schools of Hindu philosophy; besides these, schools that do not accept the authority of the Vedas are heterodox nastika systems such as Buddhism, Jainism, Ajivika and Charvaka.

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