Click here to find the heater we recommend for an aquarium of this size. As this is a large aquarium, you may need more than one of these. To search for other high quality aquarium heaters in your area, click here. Diet Studies have revealed it to be a generalised omnivore with the natural diet composed of plant material, aquatic invertebrates particularly chironomid larvae , ostracods and cladocerans , fish scales and fry. In the aquarium offer good quality, sinking dry foods as staple alongside regular meals of live or frozen bloodworm , Artemia , etc. Click on the following links to search for high quality live, frozen and dry food: Bloodworm , Artemia.
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Reproductive Biology G. Males are territorial particularly during reproduction. In Australia, spawning takes place from late spring until June. Mazzoni and Iglesias-Rios examined the environmentally driven life history variation in two Brazilian populations of G. Reproduction occurred throughout the year in the river population whereas it was restricted to spring and summer in the lagoon population.
The size at maturity of G. A study by Beatty et al. Riehl and Baensch recorded the fecundity of aquarium specimens as to Physiology and Phenology Mazzoni and Iglesias-Rios demonstrated that phenotypic flexibility in reproductive output in G.
Studies found that fish were smaller in size at the onset of maturity in river population when compared to lagoon population. In addition to this it was found that reproduction occurred throughout the year in the river population but was less protracted in the lagoon population. The greater reproductive investment in river populations was attributed to the environment being more unstable and therefore the species was maximising the chances of a successful spawning event.
Nutrition G. The introduced population of G. Chironomid larvae, Ostracoda, Cladocera and Coleoptera larvae and adults were commonly consumed with freshwater crayfish and fish also recorded but a relatively minor component of its diet.
De Graaf and Coutts recorded an ontogenetic shift in diet with recruits i. Associations There are no recorded associations between G. However, in many rivers systems this species co-occurs with many fishes.
For example, fish fauna collected with G. The introduced population in Western Australia co-occurred with three species of native freshwater, one native estuarine and two other introduced freshwater fishes Beatty et al. Environmental Requirements Empirical research has concentrated on the salinity and temperature tolerances of G. Beatty et al. Water temperature ranged from Dissolved oxygen ranged from Within the native range of G.
Upper thermal tolerance ranged from In Australia, de Graaf and Coutts found that the species tolerated direct transfer from fresh water to 18—27 PPT with no mortality and gradual transference from freshwater to salt water 36 PPT with very low mortalities. Gutierre et al.
The pearl cichlid has one dark spot which may visible on its body, located towards its tail; it also may display several black bands running top to bottom down its body. Its markings, which cover its body, are bright blue speckles which shine brightly in a healthy fish; they have red fins which may have blueish tones and be tipped in black, but these colours also may change, brighten, or fade depending on the mood. They can grow quite large, with males reaching just over a foot and females generally a little smaller. In a group, they usually pair up once they are around 2—3 in long; at this time they can be quite territorial, and keep other fish away from their breeding space. Breeding[ edit ] The sex of the fish is often unclear until it reaches adult size, at which point the size difference between the genders becomes pronounced. Breeders often attempt to pair the fish without sexing them; two females may pair up in which case the fish lay eggs that never hatch.
Pearl Cichlid – Geophagus Brasiliensis