Further information: Medicine in the medieval Islamic world Arab and Persian elaborations upon the Greek system of medicine by figures like Ibn Sina and al-Razi influenced the early development of Unani. Unani, like Ayurveda , is based on theory of the presence of the elements in the human body. According to followers of Unani medicine, these elements are present in fluids and their balance leads to health and their imbalance leads to illness. Abnormal humors are believed to lead to pathological changes in the tissues at the affected site, creating the clinical manifestations of illness.
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According to Unani medicine, management of any disease depends upon the diagnosis of disease. In the diagnosis, clinical features, i. Any cause and or factor is countered by Quwwat-e-Mudabbira-e-Badan the power of body responsible to maintain health , the failing of which may lead to quantitatively or qualitatively derangement of the normal equilibrium of akhlat humors of body which constitute the tissues and organs.
This abnormal humor leads to pathological changes in the tissues anatomically and physiologically at the affected site and exhibits the clinical manifestations.
After diagnosing the disease, Usoole Ilaj principle of management of disease is determined on the basis of etiology in the following pattern: For fulfillment of requirements of principle of management, treatment is decided as per the Unani medicine which may be one or more of the following: Ilaj-Bil-Tadbeer wa Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza Regimenal Therapy. The disease may be treated by the modification of six essential pre-requisites of health Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya in Unani Tibbi terminology.
Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya may be modified by the use of one or more regimens: i. According to the norms of C. New Delhi. Ilaj-Bil-Tadbeer is synonym to Panchkarma in Ayurveda. Ilaj-Bil-Advia Pharmacotherapy. Unani practitioners can practice as qualified doctors in India, as the government approves their practice.
Unani medicine has similarities to Ayurveda. Both are based on theory of the presence of the elements in Unani, they are considered to be fire, water, earth and air in the human body. The elements, attributed to the philosopher Empedocles , determined the way of thinking in Medieval Europe. According to followers of Unani medicine, these elements are present in different fluids and their balance leads to health and their imbalance leads to illness.
The theory postulates the presence of blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile in the human body. Education and recognition In India, there are 40 Unani medical colleges where the Unani system of medicine is taught. All these colleges are affiliated to reputed universities and recognized by the governments. Hamdard Foundation and Qarshi Foundation are prominent patrons of research and development in herbal medicines.
Safety issues The Indian Journal of Pharmacology notes: According to WHO , "Pharmacovigilance activities are done to monitor detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of any obnoxious adverse reactions to drugs at therapeutic concentration that is used or is intended to be used to modify or explore physiological system or pathological states for the benefit of recipient.
In recent days, awareness has been created related to safety and adverse drug reaction monitoring of herbal drugs including Unani drugs.